Germany, Italy and Spain are the major contributors in the European crude oil refining industry, as the three countries together account for more than 35% of the active refining capacity among all GD 160the countries in the region, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.

The company’s report: ‘Refining Industry Outlook in Europe to 2022’ states that in 2017, Europe
accounted for 14.1% of the total global refining capacity. Germany, Italy, Spain, UK and the Netherlands are the key countries in Europe, accounting for over 55.1% of the total refining capacity in the region.

In Europe, Germany has the highest active refining capacity of 2,136 thousand barrels per day (mbd) in 2017. The Rheinland refinery has the highest active refining capacity of 325 mbd. Shell Exploration und Produktion Deutschland GmbH is the operator of the refinery. Karlsruhe and Gelsenkirchen follow with refining capacities of 310 mbd and 265 mbd, respectively.